Skip to main content

Previously Unreported New Kingdom Necropolis Revealed in Egypt

Dozens of tombs have been discovered by archaeologists working in Gebel el-Silsila in Egypt. 

Bones of men, women, and children of all ages have all been found in the rock-cut tombs. 

The necropolis is believed to be 3,400 years old and suggests that the site was more of a permanent settlement than previously believed.

The site, which was known in ancient times as Khenu (the Place of Rowing), is located 65 km (40 miles) north of Aswan. 

It was a special location for its sandstone quarries on both sides of the Nile. Stressing the importance of the site, Discovery News says that “Blocks used in building almost all of ancient Egypt’s great temples were cut from there.”

As Ancient Origins reported in 2015 when two shrines were discovered: “It is known for its impressive stelae and cenotaphs and many types of ancient graffiti, including inscriptions in hieroglyphics, hieratic, demotic and also Greek and Latin. 

The site has petroglyphs and elaborate pictographs, as well as painted and carved art from prehistory through to many later periods.”

An 1845 drawing of a stele of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) from Gebel el-Silsila. King is shown adoring Amun-Re.

The Gebel el-Silsila project website reports that the researchers knew of the necropolis for some time, but had waited to excavate until the threat of “rising ground water with highly destructive salt contents” and a larger team to work on the site urged them to get to work.

They say on the website that there are over 40 tombs and a small shrine that have been found in the “remarkable New Kingdom necropolis with archaeological material dating from the early 18th dynasty and indications of re-use throughout the 19th dynasty.”

Lund University archaeologist Maria Nilsson, director of the Gebel el Silsila Survey Project, told Discovery News that “Many tombs are in bad condition. They have suffered from heavy erosion and extreme decay due to the rising water and its high salt contents.” 

As a way to counter the negative effects of the environment, the team has focused on cleaning a small selection of the tombs for now.

The project website describes the tombs, saying that they:

“consist of one to two undecorated rock-cut chambers, with one or more crypts cut into the bed rock floors, some preserved with remains of their original lid. The entrance of the tombs consist of a squared semi-dressed aperture that incorporate a vertical slot to either door jamb that would have facilitated a portcullis type of closure. The tombs are generally accessed via a series of steps that descend into a rough-cut squared chamber.”

Tomb 2, exterior.

As for the identity of the owners of the tombs, the project website says “Due to the lack of exterior or interior decoration, the identity of the persons buried remains unknown at this time.” 

Nonetheless, “fragments of detailed, painted mud-plaster indicate decorated coffins, which together with fragments of mummy wrapping and various beads and amulets suggest individuals of considerable status.”

“However, the higher officials, viziers and such that were active at Silsila were buried in Thebes, so it is likely that the people entombed in the rock-cut graves belong to the level just below the officials. We are still studying this.” 

Two of the more notable artifacts that have been found are a reversible seal ring with the cartouche of Pharaoh Thutmosis III “Men-kheper-re” and a scarab that also has the pharaoh’s name. 

The text on the seal’s reverse is currently being studied by the team's Egyptologists.

Seal: cartouche of Thutmosis III (Men-Kheper-Re) and scarab with the cartouche of Thutmosis III.

The initial report of the necropolis also says that the tombs were looted during antiquity and again in the 19th century. 

The annual floods and sand entering the tombs also led to the discovery of “disturbed layers containing foremost pottery, bones, some beads and Nile silt, mixed with animal remains including crocodile scutes.” 

The pottery is said to be a collection of “traditional New Kingdom funerary ware, including storage vessels, beer jugs, and a selection of votive vessels”

As for the shrine, the report describes it as a small rock-cut sanctuary that is located on the banks of the Nile. 

It has two chambers that face the river and decorated walls as well as an inner doorway that is topped with a solar disc. 

Work will continue on the shrine and the rest of the necropolis in the following seasons.

Featured Image: Doorway to Tomb 14, interior.


Popular posts from this blog

Iran Killing Command: The use of firearms in dealing with protesters

The document you see on the image is the order of the commander of the Tehran repressive force to all the units based in the city.

Based on this agenda, the mercenaries of the corrupt government Islamic Republic of Iran have been allowed to use firearms in the event of any protest movement against people by the regime.
This is a murder command.
The repressive force of the law, known to the world's famous police and guardians, should protect the lives of its citizens, by freeing their mercenaries, they allow them to murder Iranians who are protesting the corruption in the government and you have the important message that if you come to the streets in protest of corruption and torture and massacre, we will kill you.
Because, according to criminal Khomeini, maintenance of the system is obligatory.
A corrupt government that is so hideous that spend billions of dollars from the national treasury and popular capitalto the suppression of its people and the countries of the region, must be ov…

ایران فرمان قتل : دستور استفاده از سلاح گرم در برخورد با معترضان

سندی که در تصویر میبینید دستور فرمانده نیروی سرکوبگر انتظامی تهران به همه یگانهای مستقر در این شهر است.
بر اساس این دستور کار ، مزدوران حکومت فاسد نظام جمهوری اسلامی اجازه یافته اند که درصورت بروز هرگونه جنبش اعتراضی از سوی مردم علیه رژیم ، از سلاح گرم استفاده کنند.
این دستور یک فرمان قتل است.
نیروی سرکوبگر انتظامی که به ظاهر و تعریف شناخته شده پلیس در سراسر جهان ، میبایست حافظ جان شهروندان باشد ، با آزاد گذاشتن دست مزدوران چکمه پوش خود انها را مجاز به قتل ایرانیان معترض به فسادهای موجود درلایه های حکومت میکنند و این پیام مهم را در خود دارد که اگر در اعتراض به  فساد و شکنجه و کشتار به خیابانها بریزید شما را خواهیم کشت.
چرا که به گفته خمینی دجال، حفظ نظام از اوجب واجبات است.
حکومت فاسدی که انقدر وقیح هست که میلیاردها دلار از خزانه ملی و سرمایه مردمی را صرف سرکوب مردم خود و کشورهای منطقه میکند باید سرنگون کرد.
اکنون چهل سال است که کشور ما به اشغال این ملایان جنایکتارخونخوار و اسلام تحمیلی در آمده است .
هنوز باورش برای برخی سخت است که درک کنند کشور ما به معنای واقعی کلمه از سوی بنیادگرایان الله…

مائده مختار زاده یکی از اعضاء فعال گروهک تروریستی سازمان مجاهدین خلق در ایران_قسمت 1

گزارش شماره یک درباره یکی از خائنین به ملت ایران
 همانطور که ملت بزرگ و شریف ایران زمین میدانند یکی از خطرناک ترین و فاسدترین گروه های تروریستی که سالیان سال در سطح جهان وایران به فعالیتهای غیر انسانی و جنایتکارانه مبادرت می ورزند و با افکار و عقاید بیمارگونه خود جانهای جوانان ایران زمین را می آلایند، گروهک تروریستی مجاهدین خلق می باشد.
جنایات آنان طی سالیان گذشته بر همگان آشکار بوده و چه خانواده هایی که فرزندان عزیز خود را که توسط اعضای این گروه شستشوی مغزی داده شدند ، از دست داده اند و دیگرانی که طعمه شکارچیان بی رحم این گروه تروریستی قرار گرفته اند.
اما خانواده هایی هستند که همچنان نسل اندر نسل به این سازمان تروریستی وفادارند و ایدئولوژی جنایتکارانه خود را به فرزندشان منتقل می کنند و همچنان در داخل و خارج ایران به ترویج افکار مسموم آنها و همچنین فعالیتهای تروریستی مشغول می باشند.
در اینجا به معرفی یکی از این خانواده ها و تشریح فعالیتهای آنها از سالهای آغازین انقلاب ایران تا کنون  خواهیم پرداخت:
مصطفی و جعفر مهیمنی و یکی از خواهرانشان مرضیه مهیمنی ساکن شهرستان بابل در استان مازندران در س…